Scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine. The spinal curve may develop as a single curve (shaped like the letter C) or as two curves (shaped like the letter S). In children and teens, scoliosis often does not have any noticeable symptoms and may not be noticeable unless it progresses significantly.
Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common form of scoliosis. The term idiopathic means a condition or disease with no known cause. Idiopathic scoliosis is further classified based on age:
Adolescent scoliosis is the most common type of idiopathic scoliosis. Females are predominantly affected. This age range is when rapid growth typically occurs which is why a curve at this stage should be monitored closely for progression.
In children and teenagers, scoliosis often does not have any noticeable symptoms. The curvature of the spine does not cause pain, and if it is mild, it can go unnoticed.
Xray imaging is the most definitive diagnostic tool in the diagnosis and management of a patient with scoliosis.